Traffic Health Environment. Intelligent Solutions for Sustaining Urban Economies (THE ISSUE)
THE ISSUE Project is a three year project funded through the European Commission’s Seventh Framework Programme “Regions of Knowledge”. The Project started on 1 December 2011 and will finish on 30 November 2014.
The Project involves 13 European partners from four regional research clusters including the East Midlands Region in the United Kingdom, the Midi-Pyrenees and Aquitaine Regions in France, the Molise Region in Italy and the Mazovia Region in Poland. Each regional cluster includes representatives from universities/research institutions, business, and regional/local government.
THE ISSUE Project aims to identify innovative solutions from leading research centres in France, Italy, Poland and the East Midlands to reduce traffic congestion and emissions, improve air quality and journey times, promote modal shift towards public transport and support the achievement of sustainable urban economies in cities and towns in Europe.
The Project is bringing scientists, engineers, development agencies and those bodies responsible for managing traffic, transport and air quality from four European regional clusters to work together for the first time, using advanced space and information technologies, to develop the most effective methods of easing urban congestion and improving the impact of transport on the local economy, urban environment, climate change and the health of citizens.
Project THE ISSUE has a number of specific economicand scientific/technologicalobjectives.
Intelligent Traffic Management to boost the competitiveness of
transport-related economies at urban, regional and local levels THE
ISSUE aims to promote uptake of new technologies from concurrent RTD
programmes - especially space and broadband technologies and advanced
computational techniques - to existing transport management systems to
deliver better management of existing transport infrastructure across
EO2 Identify market opportunities for mature RTD applications and develop action plans for commercial implementation Examples
include: exploiting the use of mobile phone and Galileo/GPS technology
linked to existing traffic management systems for personal real-time
public transport journey planners and location and guidance information
in real-time for emergency services.
EO3 Deliver innovative solutions to traffic management operations Economic
benefits will accrue to regional authorities through improved transport
efficiency. Examples include optimising performance of existing traffic
management systems to relieve traffic congestion and reduce journey
EO4 Deliver innovative solutions to reduce traffic emissions and improve air quality locally Local
and regional authorities are mandated to improve air quality locally
within nationally defined targets. The UK Government's 2007 Air Quality
Strategy estimates that up to 24,000 people in the UK die prematurely as
a result of short term exposure to air pollution and many more people
suffer often debilitating ill health. Economic benefits will be realized
by reducing traffic induced contributions to air pollution so reducing
these incidences of death and illness.
Scientific and Technological Objectives
STO1 Coordinate RTD actions between regions The
generic scientific objective for THE ISSUE is the application of
intelligent traffic management systems in regional transport, health and
environmental matters. A prime example is the successful demonstration
of a Diverse Active Traffic Control System for managing urban traffic
congestion and its associated pollution in the Nissan SKY project in
Kanagawa, Yokahama. The main findings from a year long trial
demonstrated a 20% reduction in travel time and an estimated 17%
reduction of CO2 emissions from vehicles using the system.
STO2 Identify the development path for widespread uptake of Intelligent Traffic Management Applications
for urban traffic management are being developed in Leicester;
applications for emergency services are underway in Midi Pyrénées. The
objective is to stimulate uptake of these technologies across more
regions, in Europe and worldwide.
STO3 Achieve modal shift towards public transport to reduce urban congestion and shorten journey times The
MOBIVILLE project in Toulouse proposes is set up to encourage modal
shift towards public transport and facilitate urban travel using a
dynamic guidance system 'door to door'. Involving innovation using
satellite localisation integrated with public transport, this project is
developing a service which will guide the user using GPS/EGNOS data
integrated into mobile phone displays.
STO4 Study of applications of road charging in other European urban traffic systems Studies
are underway in Mazovia to investigate the economic, technical and
social implications of introducing road charging in Warsaw, by drawing
down on experiences in London and Stockholm.
STO5 To transfer Computer Intelligence technology to operational users Application
of computer intelligence techniques to road based logistics offers
routes to identify, model and forecast consumer movement in large
transport hubs. This includes airports, train and bus stations.
provide regional planners with comprehensive databases of transport
infrastructures to support their regional strategic planning In
Regione Molise the cluster works within the framework of land
management, transport planning and earth observation and monitoring to
enable decision makers to optimize public transport services according
to current and potential demand.
STO7 To introduce active air pollution monitoring and mitigation into regional transport and environmental strategies Despite
EU legislation to reduce emissions of key anthropogenic air pollutants
(e.g. NECD, 2001), levels in many areas of Europe remain unacceptably
high. Traffic induced pollution is a major factor. Research in this
topic, that will stimulate coordination actions, is underway in the East
Midlands and Midi Pyrénées.
The main outputs of the Project will be:
1. A Joint Action Plan (JAP) that identifies priority areas for future cooperation and collaboration in advancing research and delivering technologies that address real economic and strategic needs and priorities in the 4 regional clusters in areas such as:
a. Intelligent Transport Systems
b. Transport impacts on urban mobility and air quality
c. Transport greening
d. Safety and security of citizens
e. Associated economic, health and environmental impacts.
The European Commission will use the key priority areas identified in the JAP to inform future calls for sustainable transport projects in its 2014 to 2020 Budget Programmes.
2. The exploitation of commercial opportunities arising from the advanced space and information technologies developed within the Consortium’s research institutions.
3. The preparation of a number of pre-project feasibility studies that deliver practical solutions to address identified priorities in the JAP, which are also closely aligned with European Commission’s future priorities.
4. The submission of proposals for funding through the EU’s 2014 to 2020 Budget Programme, including the €80 billion Horizon 2020 programme, based on the pre-project feasibility studies developed through THE ISSUE.
5. Recommendations for improvements in the preparation of future strategic plans, policies and programmes for transport, economic development and the environment (air quality, carbon reduction).
6. The exchange of knowledge and expertise in sustainable traffic solutions between academic, business and public sector partners within and across the 5 European regions.
7. The establishment of a Special Interest Group to ensure continuity after the Project to provide a forum for the cluster network and deliver the JAP.
PROJECT PUBLICATIONS (MOLISE)
MOBILITY-ORIENTED TERRITORIAL RESEARCH: THE MOLISE AGENDA
Authors: Monica Meini, Rossella Nocera, Gherardo Chirici, Bruno Lasserre, Marco Marchetti